Tag Archives: BP Oil Disaster

Oil Disaster By The Numbers

21 Jun

I’ve seen several efforts to describe the enormity of the gulf oil disaster, most recently, the website if it was my home.  The site allows you to localize the tragedy so you’ll understand just how large and wide the disaster has spread.  For instance, importing the map of the BP Oil Leak over Buffalo gives you this result:

I think resources like these are valuable emotional tools which help us understand the enormity of the tragedy, but fall short in identifying the real problem.

As I wrote last week, we all own a share of this tragedy.  Let me break it down by the numbers for you.

According to a June 20th report by The Associated Press, an estimated 126.3 million gallons of oil has gushed into the Gulf.  There are 42 gallons of oil in a barrel, which amounts to 3,007,143 barrels of oil now covering our gulf and shorelines.

According to the United States Department of Energy, the United States consumes 19,498,000 barrels of oil per day, 8,989,000 of which go solely to our vehicles.

So, how much oil has leaked into the Gulf of Mexico?

Roughly 3 and a half hours of daily oil consumption by the United States.

Think about that for a little while…

Joe Barton Apologizes to BP for Holding It Accountable (UPDATED: Givesies-backsies)

17 Jun


Representative Joe Barton, Republican from Texas said these things today to BP’s chairman. You may recall that a deepwater oil rig leased by BP exploded, killed several people, and has been gushing millions of barrels of crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico since late April 2010. It’s now June 2010, and there is no solution to the gushing oil or its catastrophic environmental effects.

The least that BP can do is set up a multi-billion dollar escrow fund to help make whole people and businesses adversely affected by its failure. For this Barton to suggest that this is a “shakedown” is outrageous. This is bare minimum accountability. BP broke it, BP bought it. “It” being the Gulf of Mexico and its coastline.

Barton (and other GOPers like the always-amusing Michele Bachmann) have become literal apologists for BP.

It came out earlier today that Barton said this in 2004 about deepwater drilling:

Offshore drilling and production platforms are so technologically advanced that one platform on the surface of the water can handle production from several different wells several miles apart, house a myriad of technologically advanced computer systems, employ scores of personnel, generate electricity, enable people to face and conquer the adversities of living in the middle of the ocean, and do so 24 hours a day, 7 days a week; all without so much as losing a gum wrapper over the side of the platform. It is truly amazing,

Since 1989, Barton’s top campaign contributor has been a partner of BP’s in the Deepwater Horizon drilling area. He has already called for the deepwater drilling moratorium to be lifted. Perhaps realizing that his sudden nationwide fame is a net negative for him, he’s issued a decidedly Paladinoesque non-apology apology.

UPDATE: Literally within minutes of posting this, Barton issued a revised apology, expressing that he’s sorry for using the word “shakedown”, reiterating that BP should bear full responsibility for the spill, and retracting his apology to BP. While un-ringing that bell, his priorities and judgment remain called into question.


17 Jun

President Obama gave a less than satisfying speech last night about the oil spill. It follows 50 odd days of less than satisfying response by all of the players involved. As of today, fingers are still pointing, people are still complaining, and most importantly, oil is still spilling. We have argued before about whether it makes sense to try to clean up the oil before you plug the hole. Obama said during the campaign a president must chew gum and walk at the same time. Not in this case.

Chris Smith did a great column on the impotent rage the average American feels, and the sense of loss and lack of control. Imagine if you were the President. You can arm twist BP into creating a $20B fund for damages. But you can’t stop the damages in the first place. For the first time in your life, you have encountered a problem you can’t solve.

Obama ran on a message of Hope. But has Hope failed? No, I don’t mean in a Palin-esque How’s-That-Hopey-Changing-Thing Going. My argument is only slightly more nuanced. //sarcasm// I have said before that Americans, in general, do not want a smaller government or larger government; they want a competent government. Bush began his downfall in the eyes of the general public during the mess of Katrina. He has been excoriated since for leading an incompetent government: FEMA can’t help the Gulf, the intel community was wrong about WMDs, the military can’t win in Iraq or Afghanistan, and the credit markets are unregulated and allowed to fail.

Obama implicitly promised competence when he simultaneously promoted Hope, Change, and an activist government that could fix people’s problems: healthcare, the economy, etc. But has this idealist philosophy met the solid wall of pragmatism so early? Most Presidents become pragmatists eventually, but it normally is an intractable Congress that defeats them. Here, it appears our modern unsustainable world has run afoul of Mr. Obama’s Hope.

Our modern house-of-cards economy and lifestyle is based upon corporations and systems taking risks beyond the ability of any organization, including the government, to insure against failure. BP did not create the system of world dependence on oil any more than Lehman Brothers created the housing bubble. But both got rich in that under-regulated, risk promoting system, and neither had the ability to remedy the situation when disaster struck. Our laissez-faire economic system is based upon the fundamental principle that if an individual takes risks, they bear the burden of losses or gains. That the individual is allowed to take risks beyond their ability to make their debtors whole in case of failure has been true for some time. Society in general has born risks in promotion of the overall good: when a factory has a major accident or fire, the government absorbs the risk the factory can not (i.e. fighting the fire, rescuing the wounded, etc). The individual took risks, they defaulted and were overwhelmed, but government, through policy or direct action, could always act as a safety valve.

This is no longer true. Our credit markets and BP wrote checks our government can’t cash. The financial markets traded hundreds of trillions worth of CDOs in a fantasy land that ultimately nearly caused another Great Depression. BP drilled for oil in a place where an accident would cause an unsolvable problem. Government is no longer the actor of last resort. The government acts, but the markets still crash, and the oil still spills.

What if our government can not solve our problems because the systems have grown beyond them? There are now forces larger and more powerful than The Greatest Country in the World. Where does that leave a Hopeful president? Where does that leave the message of Hopeful government?

Assigning Blame, Missing the Cause

16 Jun

Chris has a pair of BP-related posts up, one of which speaks to the roots of the problem itself – why we’re drilling where we are, and why the government is essentially impotent to do anything meaningful about it. The other post reacts to Obama’s speech last night.

To be frank, I couldn’t bear to watch Obama’s speech last night because I didn’t think he’d have the balls to really tell it like it is. Chris’ recap indicates that he ended with a prayer. Give me a fucking break. That’s just ridiculous – as ridiculous as a semi-talented Grammy winner thanking God for the wild success of a synthesized shit dance tune that happened to be voted “best song”.

God didn’t cause the spill, and He isn’t going to fix it. Any more than the government caused the spill or is equipped to fix it.

The Gulf disaster is so unfathomable to me because our system of “do whatever you want” short-term-vision laissez-faire deregulation is the root cause of this.

An acoustic valve could have been fitted, and may have very well prevented this sort of blowout. But it wasn’t there. It’s a $500,000 device that could have prevented an unprecedented, epic environmental disaster.

The impotence and corruption of federal regulators such as, in this case, the Department of Interior’s Minerals Management Service has also come to light, and our recent penchant to deregulate things that by their very nature ought to be regulated has come back to haunt us.

Government may have contributed to this blowout, but not in the way partisans suggest.

The Deepwater Horizon was permitted to be built in a place and in a way that would specifically contribute to this catastrophe.

Apparently, the technology to safely drill at that depth is either inadequate, or simple methods to prevent this sort of catastrophe were eschewed because (1) they weren’t mandated; and (2) they cost a few bucks.

So to assail Obama on hope and change is beyond being beside the point. I mean, if, as depicted in your last sentence, Obama can’t solve the problem, how exactly is he supposed to be effective and not suck?

There’s a corollary story that Chris doesn’t touch on because he doesn’t try to politicize his post beyond talking about corporate America’s control over our lives, as well as the power that oil consumption needs have on our economy. That has to do with the clamor from many who detest Obama and his supposed communism who all of a sudden have a burning need for the government to solve their problems.

I know that anti-Obama partisans are trying very hard to gain momentum for the “Obama’s Katrina” meme, but the problem there is that it is a man-made disaster. How many times has the right beat the drum that government is never the solution to our problems – it is the problem. It’s the entire foundation of modern Reaganist conservatism, such as it still exists (which I don’t think it has since Bush 1 left office, but that’s a different story). The corollary to that is that every one of our problems can be solved by private business, private entrepreneurship, free market initiative, so long as government would just get out of the way.

How fascinating to have the anti-Obama right clamor for a governmental response to an environmental disaster. It’s practically the bizarro world in that contemporary Palinist Republicans suddenly give a shit about the environment! About ecological disaster! They want – nay demand governmental action and swift response!

That rank hypocrisy is so very telling, and every time a Republican starts demanding that Obama – that the government – do more, that needs to be thrown directly back in their face because it fundamentally rebuts their entire contemporary ethos.
Well, for the same reasons we protected New Orleans from flooding with ancient levee technology, the US isn’t good on the whole long-run planning thing, and we never have been.

That’s why it’s beyond critical to start finding other sources of energy to power this country. Renewable sources, cleaner sources, sources that don’t make us dependent on foreign corporations or foreign states.

So to blame Obama is just idiotic.

We ourselves are to blame. And so, frankly, is Dick Cheney.

The Oil Disaster

16 Jun

I’ve spent a lot of time consuming information, updates and coverage of the BP oil disaster.  I haven’t written about it because I’ve had trouble synthesizing all of the information while trying to establish a perspective on what it all means.  It’s easy to politicize the disaster by blaming Cheney, Bush, or Obama.  It’s our natural reaction to demand that the President “show more emotion” or to advocate for the cockamamie solution of the day (like big vacuums or Russian nukes) or to just get angry.  After all, none of us know shit about how to stop the leak, comprehend the physics involved with capping a spewing wellhead 5,000 feet under the ocean, understand the implications of putting BP into temporary receivership, or know whether or not any of the solutions proffered by political pundits on panel shows merit serious consideration.

Instead, like many of you, I’m left feeling an impotent kind of rage, a constant horrible feeling of sad resignation that our country will never again be quite the same.

I keep thinking that this event should be a clarion call for us to realize the cost of our lifestyles, public policy, and the danger of our corporatist government.  It is troubling to watch a President and a nation humbled at the feet of British Petroleum.  We’ve ceded control of both the immediate fix to the continual stream of oil into our waters and the cleanup operation to a foreign corporation.  The failure of our response is predicated on the choices we’ve made as a people, the things we value, the way we live…not because the President is too deliberative or indecisive.  He’s struggling to respond because we’ve limited his set of choices.

Every component of the BP response is done with an eye on limiting their long term liability, protecting their shareholders, managing their public image and their ultimate corporate survival.  This isn’t news, BP is a corporation and the job of the CEO and Board of Directors is to do just that.  I’m sure if they had a fix, they would implement it as that would certainly help their efforts to protect shareholder value.  Unfortunately, they have created a disaster that may be remembered on the same level as Chernobyl or Bhopal and it will be incredibly difficult for them to ever return to their previous status.

The part I think we’re leaving out of the equation in our national discussion of this disaster is our ownership of it.  It’s also in the interest of our government to help BP limit their liability and protect their shareholders; maybe that’s the tough truth we’re all having so much trouble coming to terms with.

We need oil and we need a lot of it.  We need it cheap, we need it now and we need it to subsidize the past 50 years of sprawl and our demand for cheap products and convenience.  Oil companies know that they have the upper hand in this relationship, they know that we’re smack addicts who need their product in order to function. It’s why we deregulate their operations and only provide limited oversight of their operations, it’s why we’ve let them subsidize the risk of their drilling operations while maximizing their profit, why we let them increase the risk and drill further and further from shore without preparing tested contingency plans for disaster.

We’re not prepared for a future without cheap oil and our foreign policy agenda, national economic priorities, energy policy, and domestic policy choices are based on maintaining access to it.  BP is a global corporate powerhouse with drilling rigs, refineries and distribution points in nearly every nation of interest on the planet.  They provide gas and oil to our military and their fuel powers the ships which bring us the food and goods we buy everyday.  Their oil goes into the plastics we use and powers the machines in our own factories.  Every single step of our production and consumption cycle is influenced by the availability and price of oil.  BP (and the other major oil companies) hold significant power with our allies and enemies alike, they are essentially treated with the gravitas of an actual country.  Upsetting the global balance of oil can have long term ramifications on our ability to borrow, negotiate, or leverage relationships in our continual two front war and the maintenance of our empire.

Faced with that knowledge and an understanding that there is a limited number of oil companies which have the ability to deliver us this most basic societal and economic necessity, it’s in the best interest of the President to be measured in his response to the crisis.  As a nation we are limited in how we can respond, the greatest nation the world has ever known, humbled and subservient to our own need for oil and the companies which provide it.

This, this is what saddens me the most.


Pray Baby Pray

15 Jun

Last night, President Obama had an opportunity to seize the moment during a national crisis and set a defined course of action for our response to the BP Oil disaster and lay out a national agenda for energy policy reform.  This is what we got:


The President was at times forceful, but ultimately failed to capture the moment.  A color-by-numbers speech, in my estimation.  Problem statement, required non-sequitur about al Qaeda, recap of what’s been done so far and broad talk about liability funds, commissions, planning groups, gulf restoration plans, improved oversight and regulation.  All of it expected and delivered.  All of this was very positive and demonstrated a semblance of accountability and a strong(er) hand in the future.

However, I was waiting for the closing arc, the part where the President would seize the moment and leverage the national concern for the environmental disaster we watch live on our computers, televisions and mobile devices every day and promote “the big idea”.  The path towards a future of energy independence and a shift in our national priorities.  What we got was a restatement of his campaign platform on energy policy.  In other words, he almost got there.

We cannot consign our children to this future.  The tragedy unfolding on our coast is the most painful and powerful reminder yet that the time to embrace a clean energy future is now.  Now is the moment for this generation to embark on a national mission to unleash America’s innovation and seize control of our own destiny.

This is not some distant vision for America.  The transition away from fossil fuels is going to take some time, but over the last year and a half, we’ve already taken unprecedented action to jumpstart the clean energy industry.  As we speak, old factories are reopening to produce wind turbines, people are going back to work installing energy-efficient windows, and small businesses are making solar panels.  Consumers are buying more efficient cars and trucks, and families are making their homes more energy-efficient.  Scientists and researchers are discovering clean energy technologies that someday will lead to entire new industries.

Each of us has a part to play in a new future that will benefit all of us.  As we recover from this recession, the transition to clean energy has the potential to grow our economy and create millions of jobs -– but only if we accelerate that transition.  Only if we seize the moment.  And only if we rally together and act as one nation –- workers and entrepreneurs; scientists and citizens; the public and private sectors.

A general statement of purpose, not all that different from the general statement of purpose uttered by hundreds of different politicians in elections every year.  He needed to create the impetus for change, talk about our role in creating this disaster, assign this as a top national priority, lay out specifics, establish a timeline and explain to an American people who still generally support expanded drilling for oil that we can no longer afford the risk.

As the speech continued, I noticed that he essentially took the same tack as he did with the health care reform issue.

Now, there are costs associated with this transition.  And there are some who believe that we can’t afford those costs right now.  I say we can’t afford not to change how we produce and use energy -– because the long-term costs to our economy, our national security, and our environment are far greater.

So I’m happy to look at other ideas and approaches from either party -– as long they seriously tackle our addiction to fossil fuels.  Some have suggested raising efficiency standards in our buildings like we did in our cars and trucks.  Some believe we should set standards to ensure that more of our electricity comes from wind and solar power.  Others wonder why the energy industry only spends a fraction of what the high-tech industry does on research and development -– and want to rapidly boost our investments in such research and development.

All of these approaches have merit, and deserve a fair hearing in the months ahead.  But the one approach I will not accept is inaction.  The one answer I will not settle for is the idea that this challenge is somehow too big and too difficult to meet.

Without specifying exactly what he wants accomplished, when he wants it accomplished and failing to clearly explain the costs of inaction or the status quo, Obama leaves the Congress to fumfer about building a bill that will receive the oft-mentioned but mythical “bipartisan support”.  Another summer lies ahead of begging Chuck Grassley, Olympia Snowe, Susan Collins and Joe Liebermann for permission to fix a massive hole in the national boat.  Obama needed to set the agenda and demand action.

Instead, we got a prayer.

Each year, at the beginning of shrimping season, the region’s fishermen take part in a tradition that was brought to America long ago by fishing immigrants from Europe.  It’s called “The Blessing of the Fleet,” and today it’s a celebration where clergy from different religions gather to say a prayer for the safety and success of the men and women who will soon head out to sea -– some for weeks at a time.

The ceremony goes on in good times and in bad.  It took place after Katrina, and it took place a few weeks ago –- at the beginning of the most difficult season these fishermen have ever faced.

And still, they came and they prayed.  For as a priest and former fisherman once said of the tradition, “The blessing is not that God has promised to remove all obstacles and dangers.  The blessing is that He is with us always,” a blessing that’s granted “even in the midst of the storm.”

The oil spill is not the last crisis America will face.  This nation has known hard times before and we will surely know them again.  What sees us through -– what has always seen us through –- is our strength, our resilience, and our unyielding faith that something better awaits us if we summon the courage to reach for it.

Tonight, we pray for that courage.  We pray for the people of the Gulf.  And we pray that a hand may guide us through the storm towards a brighter day. Thank you, God bless you, and may God bless the United States of America.

I think I speak for a lot of people when I say that the hand required to guide us toward a brighter day belongs to the President, not the Flying Spaghetti Monster.

When Investigation Substitutes For Action

2 Jun

A couple days ago I noted the ineffectiveness of the Obama Administration’s response to the BP oil spill. I was not the only one. The Republican governor has given up asking the feds for help, and says Louisiana will just take of itself. The dynamic duo of James Carville and Mary Matalin held a news conference begging for the President to visit southern Louisiana, so he could see that nothing was being done. Environmental groups are wringing their hands while oil continues to spill into the Gulf, and its now headed to Mississippi and Alabama.

President Obama has since visited the coast, and heard the message loud and clear. The administration is back to speaking with one voice, and here is what they’re saying: what we need is an investigation.

I believe the “Think-and-do-nothing” charge will stick to Obama the way the “Do-and-never-think” charge stuck to Bush. The reason? Each charge reinforces a popular narative already in circulation. Bush was the cowboy, and Obama the ivory tower intellectual. He has spent so much time thinking about all sides of the issue, he hasn’t found time to just send the goddamn booms to the Gulf already.

The administration’s approach to this crisis also reinforces a fundamental truth about the two parties. Democrats are fundamentally better in the opposition, as the watchdog, and critics of policy. Calling for an investigation was often the right call in the Bush presidency . . . and obviously they can’t help doing it again. But declaring that you are studying a problem “so it never happens again” doesn’t necessarily make it so, and certainly doesn’t help the problem now while its still getting worse. The Dems are fundamentally bad at governance, enacting an agenda, and “pulling the trigger” when its time for action. The Republicans are (fortunately for the country) the mirror: superior governors (small g) but terrible in opposition. The same discipline that gets the legislation they want in the form they want makes them an impossible and frustrating minority party, even for those of us that count ourselves as members.  

There is a time for investigation. There may have been criminal mischief, and guilty parties should be prosecuted. But you don’t start the arson investigation until the house has stopped burning and all the victims have been rescued. Can we put out the fire first, please?

Opposing Disaster Narratives

25 May

Yesterday, on the 35th day of the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, someone finally spoke the truth. When Thad Allen, head of the Coast Guard, was asked about the government taking over the oil well capping operation, his response was:

 “To push BP out of the way would raise the question: replace them with what?”

The US Government does not have the capability to cap a leaking oil well in mile deep waters. Finally, a limit on government, though not a welcome one. Sometimes government is about more than competence. Sometimes it is about simple capability.

Which brings to mind the opposing stories of recent calamities in star-crossed Louisiana. The  BP Oil Spill is not Obama’s Katrina. But the current situation in the Gulf cries out for a comparison with Katrina, if only to illuminate the opposing storylines written in the media.

(Douchy Author’s Note before I get started: I rarely, if ever claim expertise in anything on this blog. But considering my Master’s in Emergency Management, decade doing it, and the fact I teach the subject now, I’m going to be That Guy for the rest of the post. Thanks – you may continue reading now).

Hurricane Katrina was a natural disaster but a man made catastrophe. Hurricanes always have, and always will, hit that particular section of coastline. Years of ecosystem degradation and development reduced southern Louisiana’s natural defenses. But thousands died because all levels of government failed. I say all levels because in the popular narrative, FEMA, and George Bush failed. But one can only reach that conclusion by misunderstanding the roles and capabilities of government in a disaster.

All disaster’s are local. Start with the simplest: a traffic accident. A cop car or two show up, and perhaps the medics if someone is hurt. Move up the scale: a house fire. Local firefighters respond, and if it gets big or bad enough, they ask other jurisdictions for help. This is where the “Emergency Management” stuff starts happening: when a disaster is too big for the local government capability, and additional help from outside is needed. Firefighters conduct this “mutual aid” so regularly that it is easy to forget the basic policy. Now keep moving up the scale: a snowstorm that overwhelms the plows of the City of Buffalo. The city asks the county for help. If Erie County can’t help, then the state is asked. Keep moving up the scale: a hurricane or storm that affects a large area, and totally overwhelms local, county, and state resources. Now the federal government gets involved. But they need to be asked, and local-county-state-federal process is the method.

Now the most important part. There is nothing magical about the federal government, when it comes to their ability to “fix” a natural or man-made disaster. This oil spill is just the latest case in point. The dirty little secret about FEMA, that should no longer be a secret because of the mess of Katrina, is that they don’t actually “do” anything. FEMA writes checks. . . after the response is over and the recovery and clean up get started. They do not have thousands of firefighters around the country waiting to get on a plane to go fight a city worth of inferno. They don’t have massive pumping systems on stand by to suck all the water out of New Orleans. And they don’t have divers and equipment that can go down five thousand feet and stop an oil leak. The average citizen expects FEMA to fix everything. They simply don’t, and aren’t supposed to. FEMA is a walking checkbook, and nothing more.

The popular narrative of the disaster of Hurricane Katrina is that George Bush and FEMA screwed it all up. But lets just review what we learned. Who’s job is it to prepare the city for a hurricane? That would be the city, and Ray Nagin, mayor in this case. If the city does have enough buses to drive residents without cars away from the path of the hurricane, who do they call? That would be the state of Louisiana, and Governor Kathleen Blanco. If the state can’t help, who do they call? Well, it would be the federal government, but even so, FEMA does not have 1000 buses sitting in storage somewhere, waiting for use. If Nagin and Blanco had asked the federal government earlier for help, what was to have been done? The only way to avoid the tragedy of Katrina was to evacuate the residents. FEMA can stockpile all the blankets and water they want, but it is of no use if residents are standed in the city where they should not be.

When the disaster did strike, not only did FEMA do things it had never done before – bought hundreds of thousands of trailers (wrote a check) – but the Coast Guard, 82nd Airborne, and other federal agencies did plenty. But they did the things they had the capability of doing, even if it was not all that needed to be done. 

Which brings us to the BP Oil Spill. President Obama has been very clear from the start that this is BP’s spill and they are the one’s who have to clean it up. Of course, if this spill occurred on land, that wouldn’t be the case. It would be BP’s spill, but the government would clean it up. Every day in this country private industry accidently spills toxic chemicals all over the ground – in factories, off railroad cars, and on our highways. And in nearly every one of those cases, public sector HAZMAT trained firefighters come in to clean up the spill. This time, the public is not so lucky.

But I digress. The government does have a role to play. That is it failing in that role is unsurprising but also under reported. Governor Jindal of Louisiana is complaining that he doesn’t have enough booms, skimmers or vacuums, despite having volunteer fishermen at the ready to go take them out. I suppose I could speculate on the media’s coverage of a charismatic Democratic President versus a gangly Republican governor, and wonder why. There are steps the federal government could be taking right now – buying booms, for example, and providing them to locals – but they aren’t. The towns, parishes, and state of Louisiana are overwhelmed and asking for help. Its the fed’s turn – where is the response?

Instead of pulling out the FEMA checkbook the Obama Administration is sending out mixed messages. The lack of message control on the part of the administration is staggering. The Secretary of the Interior is stepping on the neck of BP. The Coast Guard calls them partners doing the best they can. There is a moratorium on new drillings off shore until new safeguards are put in place. No there isn’t – 17 new permits have been issued since President Obama gave that order. The environmental lobby is confused, the conservationists are pissed, the Republicans in Louisiana are yelling, and the Louisiana Democrats are apologizing for Obama. Meanwhile, the oil keeps spilling.

The only thing missing is a picture of Obama staring out of Air Force One above the damage. His inattention and ineffectiveness is at least as great as Bush’s during Katrina, but Obama’s handlers are smart enough for such a picture to never be taken.

Ironically, when all is said and done, the oil of this spill will be on Bush’s face, not Obama’s. Bush, Cheney and Halliburton are the symbol of the oil industry, over grown corporations, and government inaction. Despite his ill timed vocal support for increased off shore drilling, the blame of the spill will roll off Obama like water off a duck’s back. A non-oil covered duck, that is.

Drill, Baby, Drill

23 May

Courtesy Marquil at EmpireWire.com

BP Spews

23 May

Courtesy Marquil at EmpireWire.com